Tamatha Barbeau, Ph.D.
Professor of Biology

Coordinator: Veterinary Studies Program
Coordinator: Program for Undergraduate Research (PURE)
Human Physiology (Biol 236) Lecture Syllabus

Instructor: Tamatha Barbeau, Ph.D.
Office: McNair Science Building (MSB) 301 I
Phone: 661-4651
Web: http://people.fmarion.edu/tbarbeau/
Office Hours: by appointment

Lecture: MWF 9:30 - 10:20am, location: LSF 205
Labs: LSF 208: Mon 12:30 - 3:20pm, Tue 12:45 - 3:30


Lecture Textbook: Updated August 19, 2022. The lecture textbook will be a free, open source, downloadable PDF (Human Physiology, by Wikibooks Contributors, 2017). This PDF textbook will have comments made by me, in pop-up boxes associated with highlighted parts of the text. In theses comments I will tell you which sections you need to read and study, as well as which sections we will not be covering. I will be updating this PDF file for each chapter that we cover. I recommend downloading the PDF onto your computer in order to view my embedded comments, as they don't show up well when viewing the PDF online.

Manual :
There is no published lab manual for this course. Lab exercises will be posted as a downloadable PDF on the online course syllabus (Look further down below on this page!). You must print these out and review them before coming to lab. Lab quizzes are based on these handouts.

Course Description:
In this course we will investigate human physiology covering aspects of most of the major organ systems. The nature of physiology is to understand how different organ systems of the body are regulated by nervous and endocrine control, and this primarily involves negative feedback systems in order to maintain homeostasis. This course is tailored specifically towards pre-nursing students but is also relevant to students in related allied health programs. [If your major is focused on pre-medical, pre-pharmacy, pre-veterinary (or other) this might not be the appropriate level course for you. Please speak with me or your academic advisor.] This course involves A LOT of memorization of vocabulary along with more conceptual-based learning. Furthermore, this course will involve cumulative knowledge - meaning you will apply material covered earlier in the semester towards each successive newer concept and topic. Furthermore, this course involves learning many physiological pathways, and learning these pathways is often a new and challenging subject to master.

I will provide you with MANY resources online to help you practice and learn these pathways. Take advantage of the blank flow diagrams, chapter study outlines, and practice exams. I will also post blank PowerPoints online, which I will annotate over in class, so print these out or have them on your computer for class. Be prepared to study! You should spend about 1-3 hours outside of lecture studying for each hour in lecture that material is covered. Keep up with your reading of the textbook and review of lecture notes frequently. You must complete a course in Human Anatomy before taking this course, as we aim to build upon a pre-existing knowledge of anatomy.

Course Conduct : This course consists of three lectures per week and one 3-hour lab. Lecture material is covered at a rapid pace so print out the lecture PowerPoints and look them over before lecture. Be prepared for in-class discussions and laboratory activities by reading the assigned material prior to class. Students will be evaluated by their performance on lecture exams and quizzes, and laboratory quizzes. Attendance of both the lecture and the laboratories is mandatory. Notification of the instructor prior to an absence is strongly recommended, and absences are excused only for valid reasons (e.g. medical or legal reasons, or emergencies). No more than 6 excused absences from lecture and 3 absences from lab are permitted. Absences exceeding this limit can result in you being dropped from the course. You will be responsible for making up any missed material. Material from the lab can and will be included in the lecture portion of the course.

Lecture Exams: There are 4 exams in the semester, based on material covered in each quarter of the course; thus, exams are not comprehensive. Attendance at exams is mandatory. Make-up exams will be given only to students with documented excuses for an absence, and make-up exams will include fill-in-the-blank and short answer questions. If you miss an exam you must provide me with an official excuse and take a make-up exam within 1 week. Failure to do so results in a zero for that exam. There will be no exceptions to this rule. The final exam time and location is given by the Course Schedule. You must take your final exam when it is scheduled, and there will be no exceptions and no makeup final exam unless you have a verifiable emergency. If you schedule a vacation or trip during that time you will have to decide between the trip or receiving a zero for the final exam. If you have multiple exams on that day you simply must budget your time wisely and start studying well ahead of schedule.

Lecture Quizzes: There are 3 lecture quizzes consisting of 25 questions given during the first 25 min of lecture. Quizzes contain multiple choice, fill-in-the-blanks, and matching questions. If you come late to lecture on these days you do not take the quiz. If you miss a quiz, or arrive late on the day of a quiz, you must provide an official excuse and make-up the quiz within 1 week or you will receive a zero. There will be no exceptions to this rule.

Lab Reports: There will be 2 lab reports due during the semester. Spelling and grammar counts! Click HERE for guidelines on writing lab reports and see example lab report included within. Click HERE to see an example of a nursing article published using this format. Click HERE for blood pressure lab report grading guidelines. Click HERE to see how blood glucose regulation report is graded. Click HERE for kidney lab report grading guidelines.

Lab Quizzes: There are 6 lab quizzes during the semester consisting of 10 - 15 questions given during the first 15 min of lab. Quizzes contain multiple choice, fill-in-the-blanks, and matching questions. If you come late to lecture on these days you do not take the quiz. If you miss a quiz, or arrive late on the day of a quiz, you must provide an official excuse and make-up the quiz within 1 week or else you receive a zero. There will be no exceptions to this rule.

Attendance: There are no points given for attendance, BUT on-campus attendance and attendance to Course Zoom meetings is recorded throughout the semester. Students that attend lecture regularly, and follow any online supplements, tend to do better in the course. I often present material during lecture that is not found in the textbook. Furthermore, if you are receiving financial aid or are on academic warning the FMU registrar, financial aid office, or other administrative offices might contact me to ascertain the date of your last attendance in the course. Laboratory attendance/participation is mandatory! You are allowed no more than 6 absences from lecture, and no more than 3 excused absences from lab (with official excuse). Any further absences can result in your being dismissed from lab and the course. There is no way to make-up missed labs.

Student Performance : In this course performance is assessed based on percentage of total possible points as shown below. The lab is worth 25% of the course. There are no extra credit assignments in this course, so every quiz, exam, and practical counts!

ContactClinical Coordinator - Nursing, Kelly Heavner, Office: LNB 144 Phone: 843-661-1689, E-mail

Lecture Exams
Lecture Quizzes
Lab Quizzes
Lab Reports

Grading Scale 90 - 100% A 75 - 79.4% C+ 60 - 64.4% D
  85 - 89.4% B+ 70 - 74.4% C < 60% F
  80 - 84.4% B 65 - 69.4% D+  

THINGS TO REMEMBER TO DO WELL IN THIS COURSE: - Be prepared to study! You should spend about 1-3 hours outside of lecture studying for each hour in lecture. - Keep up with your reading of the textbook and review of lecture notes frequently. Don't try and study 3-4 chapters of material the night before an exam. If I gave you practice exams and flow charts, USE THEM! Writing things out is the best way to commit the material to memory. In general, you must start studying 1 week in advance of a lecture quiz, and 3 weeks in advance for a lecture exam.

RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE COURSE: Cheating WILL NOT be tolerated. Pay attention, keep up with the reading, review your notes regularly, and study appropriately for each quiz and exam. If you are caught cheating on any quiz or exam [have cheat-sheets, look at another student's exam form, use electronic devices (e.g., cell phones, calculators with memory storage) or other methods for cheating] it will result in an automatic zero. It will also be my prerogative to report you to the academic affairs committee for formal reprimand. NEED HELP? If you need help in this course, please see me after class or during my office hours. If you require academic counseling, or services involving learning or physical disabilities, please go to the Office of Counseling and Testing (843-661-1840). If you need tutoring, call the Tutoring Center at (843) 661-1675.

LECTURE SCHEDULE: The following is a tentative lecture schedule of the subject material, exam, quiz, and lab report dates.

This syllabus was last updated on Wed Oct 5, 2022

Week of Topic
Aug 24, 26 (WF) W, F: CH 1 HOMEOSTASIS & FEEDBACK LOOPS (PowerPoint) (Completed Notes) Chapter 1 Study Outline. Practice Exam Ch 1.

Body temperature regulation flow chart. Body temperature KEY. Regulation of blood glucose flow chart, Regulation glucose KEY. LOW BP flow chart, Low BP KEY. HIGH BP flow chart. High BP KEY]

No labs this week!
(Fri Aug 26th - Drop/Add ends)

Aug 29, 31 (MW) Sep 2 (F)

M, W: CH 2, part 1: CELL METABOLISM. (Powerpoint) (Completed Notes). Chapter 2 part 1 Study Outline. Practice Exam Ch 2 part 1 Updated 9/26/22).

Glycolysis flow chart
,Glycolysis pathway KEY; Glyogen and lipid metabolism flow chart, Glycogen and lipid KEY; Amino acid metabolism flow chart, Amino acid pathway KEY

Click HERE for YouTube video of Monday's (Aug 29th) lecture covering metabolism of glucose and glycogen. This lecture covers glycogenesis (and the enzyme glycogen synthase) and glycogenolysis (and the enzymes glycogen phosphorylase and glucose 6 phosphatase). It also covers the steps of aerobic cell respiration (glycolysis, puruvate conversion, Kreb's cycle, and the electron transport chain) in making ATP, and also anaerobic respiration.

Click HERE for YouTube video of Wednesday's lecture (Aug 31st). In this lecture I cover l gluconeogenesis (making glucose from non-carbohydrates). An example of this is when the liver takes lactic acid (waste product from skeletal muscle activity) from the blood and turns it into glucose or glycogen using the Cori Cycle. I then covered the processes involved in lipid metabolism (lipogenesis and lipolysis). I also discuss the relevance of ketogenesi, ketosis, and ketoacidosis in lipid metabolism. Lastly I covered amino acid metabolism by the liver, and the clinical relevance of blood urea nitrogen (BUN).

I plan to be back to lecture (in person) Fri Sep 2nd. We will finish cell metabolism and start Ch 2 part 2 (cell transport)

Sep 5 (M)
Sep 7, 9 (WF)

M: Labor Day. No class. No labs this week.

W: Guest speaker: Dr. Dorie Weaver. Faculty member of FMU's Nursing Program. Dr. Weaver, and some current nursing students, will talk with you about the Nursing Program, the pharmacology course she teaches. Please come with questions to ask her! This is your chance to find answers to questions you have about the program, and what being a nurse is all about. She will also have some current nursing students attend to answer your questions.

F: Lecture Quiz 1 (Ch 1) , CH 2, part 2: CELLS AND THE ENVIRONMENT. (Powerpoint) (Completed Notes ), Chapter 2 part 2 Study Outline. Practice Exam Ch 2 part 2 updated 9/28 (fixed answer for #9).

Sep 12, 14, 16 (MWF)

MWF: CH 4, part 1: PHYSIOLOGY OF NEUROTRANSMITTERS. (PowerPoint) (Completed Notes ) Chapter 4 part 1 Study Outline. Instructor's Notes, Practice Exam Ch 4 part 1. ACh signaling flow chart, and HERE for key.

Lab 1: Blood Glucose Regulation, Lab Report on Blood Glucose Regulation assigned. (See general lab report guidelines above, under Lab Reports, on writing, Click HERE for grading guidelines for the blood glucose lab report). DUE Oct 3 & 4.

Sep 19, 21, 23

M: Ch 4 part 1 contin.... (Don't worry if we take longer to finish Ch 4 part 1. I will adjust the syllabus accordingly. The material in that chapter is too important to rush through.)

Click HERE for lecture from Mon 9.19.22: We covered disorders in ACh signaling of tetanus, botulism, paralytic shellfish poisoning, fugu poisoning, and also myasthenia gravis and alzheimers. At 32 min and 36 sec into video we then covered monoamine neurotransmitters (norepinephrine, epinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin). We also talked about treatments for low serotonin (SSRI's and MAO-I type A) and low dopamine (MAO-I type B). We discussed the functions of serotonin, and also of dopamine, including too little dopamine (parkinson's) and excess dopamine (schizophrenia). We ended by talking about the role of dopamine in psychological addiction.

Need a review video on epinephrine signaling for Exam 2?? I have a YouTube video of previously recorded Zoom lecture (from another semester) covering the last part of Ch 4 part 1. The first 15 min of video go over serotonin and dopamine (and drugs affecting them) BUT at 15 min and 54 sec into video I go over epinephrine signaling in fight/flight (and receptors), as well as glutamate, glycine, GABA, and NO signaling. This is what will be covered in Exam 2.

. (PowerPoint) (Completed Notes) Chapter 4 part 2 Study Outline. Practice Exam Ch 4 part 2. Instructor Notes

Click HERE for YouTube video of previously recorded Zoom lecture on Ch 4 part 2 (CNS) where I covered the following:The 6 major brain regions, the functions of the 5 cerebral lobes, and the "brain map" of the precentral and postcentral gyrus. I discuss the role of the Brocas and Wernikes area in motor speech and in understanding language, and the describe brocas and wernikes aphasia. I also discuss the role of the cerebrum, and neurotransmitters in non-REM and REM sleep. Lastly I discuss the deep cerebral nuclei and their function in motor control and the limbic system.

Click HERE for YouTube video of previously recorded lecture on Ch 4 part 2 (CNS) where I covered: lower brain regions, after the cerebrum: the diencephalon, midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata, and cerebellum. For each brain region I discuss their physiological functions. I also discuss the functions some neurotransmitters in the brain, including dopamine and GABA. I discuss the importance of the reticular activating system (RAS) in the brainstem, and the neurotransmitters involved. I also discuss the effects of several drugs on the CNS. I ended lecture by discussing cerebellar ataxia.

Click HERE for YouTube video of previously recorded lecture on Ch 2 part 2 (CNS) where I covered: the brain meninges and the brain blood supply. I also explain why a hematoma in the brain is so dangerous, and show a YouTube video of a subdural hematoma surgical repair. Lastly I go over common brain imaging techniques including radiograph, CT scan, MRI scan, PET imaging, and them an electroencephalogram (EEG).

A link to a YouTube video of the last part of Ch 4 part 2 (CNS physiology), recorded THIS SEMESTER, is below for Wed Sep 28th.

Lab 2: Cell Metabolism, Lab Quiz 1 (10 ques on blood glucose lab and class data, 5 ques on bold-faced vocab in cell metabolism handout)

Sep 26 (M)

Sep 28, 30 (WF)

MW: Ch 4, part 3: PNS PHYSIOLOGY (PowerPoint) (Notes as of 9/28) (Completed Notes) Instructors's Notes . Chapter 4 part 3 Study Outline. Practice Exam Ch 4 part 3. PNS flow chart; PNS flowchart KEY.

Lab 3: Osmosis & Diffusion, Lab Quiz 2 (10 ques on metabolism lab and class data, 5 ques on vocab in osmosis/diffusion handout). Exam 1 review follows lab.

Wednesday announcements:

1. The practice test for Ch 2 part 2 (cell transport) has been updated, again, today (9/28) because I found an error for the answer for question #9. It has been corrected in the answer key, and is in red text. Please look this over, and refresh your browser.

Click HERE for YouTube video of a Zoom recording of lecture from Wed 9/28/22. In this lecture I completed Ch 4 part 2 (CNS physiology). We discussed brain visualization using X-rays, CT, MRI, PET, and EEG. We then covered how information travels from the PNS to the CNS as ascending vs descending pathways. We also talked about subdivision of information within the spinal cord, where sensory information enters the spinal cord, from the PNS, through the dorsal region, but motor commands from the CNS exit the spinal cord through the ventral region. Lastly we talks about ascending and descending "tracts", and then went over the Babinski reflex text to examine motor cortical responses in babies and adults.

Click HERE for YouTube video of previously recorded lecture on first part of Ch 4 part 3 (PNS) where I covered: how the body is regulated, autonomically, under parasympathetic versus sympathetic control. I also discuss the the neurotransmitter that controls parasympathetic responses (acetycholine or ACh) and its receptors (muscarinic cholinergic) of heart muscle, smooth muscle, and glands. I also discuss how ACh binds to nicotinic cholinergic receptors on skeletal muscle to make them contract. I discuss the neurotransmitter that controls sympathetic responses (epinephrine or adrenaline), and Beta-1, Beta-2, and alpha adrenergic receptors. Lastly, I discuss some drugs that act either as a Beta agonist or Beta blocker. I don't have a prerecorded lecture covering the cranial nerves or spinal nerves.

F: Lecture Exam 1 (Ch 2, part 1 & 2, Ch 4, part 1 - only through ACh signaling and disorders of ACh signaling.)

Oct 3, 5, 7 (MWF)
MW: Ch 14: Endocrine Physiology. (PowerPoint) (Completed Notes) Chapter 14 Study Outline. Practice Exam Ch 14, Instructor's Notes (updated 3/8/2021); Endocrine flow diagram. Endocrine KEY

Lab 4: Taste Physiology . Lab Quiz 3. Lab Report on Blood Glucose Regulation is DUE at start of lab.

Click HERE for YouTube video of lecture from Fri Oct 7. In this endocrinology lecture we go over how the hypothalamus controls the anterior pituitary gland, and what pituitary hormones stimulate in the body. We discussed the negative feedback regulation of endocrine hormones, including discussing how hormonal birth control works, and the dangers of anabolic steroid use, and the effects of synthetic glucocorticoids like prednisone. We then starting discussing endocrine disorders such as pituitary dwarfism, gigantism and acromegaly, Cushing's, Addison's, Conn's syndrome, hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, and pheochromocytoma.

F: CH 6: MUSCLE PHYSIOLOGY. (PowerPoint) (Completed Notes). Ch 6 Study Outline. Practice Exam Ch 6 . Instructor's notes;
Oct 10, 12 (MW)

Oct 14 (F)

MW: Ch 6 contin... Lab 5: Muscle Physiology. Lab Quiz 4. Exam 2 review follows lab.

F: Lecture Exam 2 [Ch 4 part 1 - remainder of neurotransmitters (serotonin, dopamine, epinephrine, glutamate, glycine, & GABA), and Ch 4 parts 2 & 3] updated 10/4/22

Oct 17, 19, 21 (MWF) MWF: CH 7 & 8: BLOOD AND CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY. (PowerPoint) (Completed Notes) Instructor's notes; Chapter 7 & 8 Study Outline. Practice Exam Ch 7 & 8.
Click HERE for flow chart for regulation of LOW BP (Low blood pressure KEY), HERE for regulation of HIGH BP (High BP KEY), and HERE for regulation of blood OSMOLARITY. (Regulation of osmolarity KEY.) Click HERE for PDF outlining what system engages under what cicumstance of BP and osmolarity.

Click HERE for YouTube video of lecture from Friday Oct 21st. In this lecture I go over the ways that the body regulates blood volume and blood pressure, and blood osmolarity. We review how the medulla can correct high and low blood pressure, and then we went over how hormones can fix blood pressure. If blood pressure is too high, the heart secretes ANP, which will bring blood pressure back down. If blood pressure is too low, the kidney's juxtaglomerular apparatus secretes renin, which will lead to aldosterone production by the adrenal gland, which will ultimately increase blood pressure. When blood osmolarity is too high, the hypothalamus secretes ADH, which will increase water reabsorption in the kidneys and cause blood osmolarity to decreases.

Lab 6: Blood Pressure Regulation. Lab Quiz 5. Please wear a short sleeve shirt or one with sleeves that can roll up over biceps!) Blood Pressure Regulation lab report assigned! Due Nov 7& 8th. (See syllabus above, under Lab Reports, for guidelines, and grading criteria, for blood pressure lab report.)

Oct 24, 26, 28 (MWF)

MW: Ch 7 & 8 contin... Click HERE for YouTube video of lecture on Wed Oct 26th. We completed Ch 7 (blood physiology). We we covered blood physiology, including RBCs, anemias, WBSc, WBC disorders, and blood typing.

Lab 7: CPR certification training lab!
(If you need American Heart Association, Basic Life Support CPR certification for the nursing program, this lab will provide that for you.)

F: Lecture Quiz 2 (Ch 14 - endocrine)

Oct 31, Nov 2, 4 (MWF)

MWF: CH 11: RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY. (PowerPoint) (Completed Notes) Instructor's Notes; Chapter 11 Study Outline. Practice Exam Ch 11. Click HERE for respiratory regulation of blood pH, click HERE for KEY

Click HERE for lecture on Wed Nov 2, 2022: In this lecture on respiratory physiology, we covered pneumothorax, and respiratory vocabulary of surface tension, compliance, and recoil. We also talked about how emphysema is a disorder of excess lung compliance. We then discussed two categories of respiratory disorders: restrictive vs obstructive disorders. We then talked about restrictive disorders of pulmonary fibrosis, silicosis, anthracosis, mesothelioma, pulmonary sarcoidosis, and damage caused by smoking. We also covered categories of lung cancer such as non-small cell cancers (adenocarcinoma, squamous cell cancer, and large cell carcinoma) and small cell lung cancer. We then moved on to obstructive respiratory disorders such as asthma and COPD.

Click HERE for lecture on Fri Nov 4, 2022. In this lecture we cover how gas exchange occurs at the lungs, and at the tissues based on the pressure of O2 and CO2. We then discussed some respiratory disorders (emphysema and cystic fibrosis). I went over how respiration is regulated through voluntary and involuntary mechanisms. Then, we covered how blood pH is regulated via chemoreceptors and the medulla's respiratory center. We ended the chapter by discussing hemoglobin disorders of methemoglobinemia, carboxyhemoglobin (from carbon monoxide poisoning), and sickle cell anemia.

Lab 8: Kidney Physiology, Lab Quiz 6 (quiz on blood pressure lab, and kidney lab vocab)

Nov 7 (M)
Nov 9, 11 (WF)
M: Fall break - no classes, no labs this week.

(PowerPoint) (Completed Notes) Ch 10 Study Outline. Practice Exam Ch 10 . Regulation of GFR flow chart, Regulation of GFR KEY .

Thus Nov 10th - last day to withdraw from a course with W
Nov 14, 16, 18 (MWF) M,W: Ch 9: IMMUNE PHYSIOLOGY. (PowerPoint) (Completed Notes) Ch 9 Study Outline. Practice Exam for Ch 9. Click HERE for blank flow diagram on Immune Sequence of Events. Click HERE for KEY. Click HERE for blank flow diagram of Immune Categories. Click HERE for KEY.

Click HERE for YouTube video of lecture on Mon Nov 14th. In this lecture I review the location of immune organs of the body, before dividing the immune system into two main categories: Innate Vs Adaptive immunity. Innate immunity does not require antibodies while adaptive immunity does. Innate immunity is divided into: 1. External innate immunity (barriers to pathogen entry into the body), and 2. Internal innate immunity (protections against pathogens after they've entered the body.

Click HERE for YouTube video of lecture on Wed Nov 16. In this lecture on the immune system I finish discussion of internal innate immunity, or how the immune system protects you from pathogens that have entered the body. I covered the role of mast cells (or basophils) and complement proteins in the inflammatory immune response, as well as natural killer cells. Most importantly though, I went over the sequence of events that happen from first exposure of the body to a foreign antigen (on a pathogen) to the productions of antibodies. This includes 1.WBCs in the blood, 2. monocytes leaving the bloodstream to enter tissues as macrophages, 3. macrophages destroying the pathogen and presenting its antigens to a helper T-cell, and 4. the helper t cells presenting the antigen to B cells, which then make antibodies to that antigen. We ended the lecture by discussing how antibodies work.

Click HERE for YouTube video of lecture on Fri Nov 18. In this last lecture on immune physiology we covered a summary of the immune system with 2 flow diagrams. The first was the sequence of events that occur after a pathogen enters the body, to the production of antibodies 2-3 weeks later. The other flow diagram was the breakdown of the immune system into innate versus adaptive immunity, and then the further breakdown of each type of immunity. We ended this lecture with a discussion of why we vaccinate for diseases. I discussed the "first" immunization by Edward Jenner using exposure to cowpox virus protected people from smallpox. We then discussed the controversy of Andrew Wakefield's fraudulent publication in 1995 helped fuel the anti-vax movement, which has lead to decreased "herd immunity" and is responsible for the re-emergence of once eradicated diseases.

Lab 9: Blood Physiology Lab. Blood Pressure Lab Report DUE. Followed by Exam 3 review.
M (Nov 21)
WF (Nov 23, 25)
M: Lecture Exam 3 (Ch 6, 7, 8). No labs this week.

Thanksgiving Break
Nov 28, 30, Dec 2 (MWF)


Lab 10: Case Study (This handout will be given to you in lab.) Lab Quiz 7 (based on answering 15 questions for the case study. To be turned in at the end of lab.) This is an OPTIONAL LAB. If you don't feel the need for dropping a lowest quiz score, then you don't have to come.

Dec 5 (M) Last day class Lecture Quiz 3 (Ch 11). Followed by exam 3 review.(The exam review is optional)
Final Exam - Fri Dec 9th 8:30am (NOT 9:30am!)
Exam 4 (Ch 9, 10, 15). The final exam date and time is set. You must be present. Makeups will only be provided for verifiable emergency or illness.


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Written by Tamatha Barbeau, 2004. This web site is for educational purposes; if you own an image on this site and would like it removed or used with permission, or if you have comments, corrections, or suggestions, please contact me.